समर्थ गौ संवर्धन एवं अनुसंधान केन्द्र, समर्थ ट्रस्ट द्वारा संचालित


Gaumata Information

Cow Breeds


  • Kankrej is valued for fast, powerful, draught cattle. Useful in ploughing and carting. 
  • Originated from Southeast Rann of Kutch of Gujarat and adjoining Rajasthan (Barmer and Jodhpur district).
  • The horns are lyre-shaped.
  • Colour of the animal varies from silver-grey to iron-grey or steel black.
  • The cows are good milkers, yielding about 1400 kgs per lactation.


  • Originated from Sholapur and Sitapur districts of Maharashtra.
  • Closely resembles Hallikar breed.
  • Grey-white in colour.
  • Long horns turn forwards in a peculiar fashion. The horns are generally black, sometimes pinkish.
  • Bullocks are fast and powerful.


  • It originated in the hilly tracts of Dangs comprising the Nashik and Ahmednagar Districts in the state of Maharashtra.  
  • The breed is medium to large in body size.
  • They are a very good draught breed and known for their adaptability to heavy rainfall areas.
  • The skin of this breed secretes an oil element that enables them to tolerate heavy rains.


  • Originated in Gir forests of South Kathiawar in Gujarat also found in Maharashtra and adjacent Rajasthan.
  • Basic colours of skin are white with dark red or chocolate-brown patches or sometimes black or purely red.
  • Horns are peculiarly curved, giving a ‘half moon’ appearance.
  • Milk yield ranges from 1200-1800 kgs per lactation.
  • This bread is known for its hardiness and disease resistance



  • Originated in Montgomery region of undivided India.
  • This breed otherwise known as Lola (loose skin), Lambi Bar, Montgomery, Multani, Teli.
  • Best indigenous dairy breed.
  • Reddish dun or pale red in colour, sometimes flashed with white patches.
  • Heavy breed with symmetrical body having loose skin.
  • The average milk yield of this breed is between 1400 and 2500 kgs per lactation.




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